Deutsch: Kalzium / Español: calcio / Português: cálcio / Français: calcium / Italiano: calcio

Calcium is a crucial mineral in the fitness context, essential for various bodily functions including the development and maintenance of strong bones and teeth, muscle contraction, nerve transmission, and blood clotting.


In fitness, calcium plays a significant role in supporting structural health and metabolic processes. It is vital for athletes and individuals engaged in regular physical activity, as it helps to prevent osteoporosis and stress fractures, conditions that can be exacerbated by intense physical activity and insufficient calcium intake. Additionally, calcium is important for muscle function; it facilitates the action of muscle contraction, making it essential for performance in various sports and exercises.

The recommended daily intake of calcium varies by age, gender, and life stage, but generally, adults need about 1,000 mg per day, with higher amounts recommended for teens and older women.

Application Areas

Calcium's importance in fitness is highlighted in several key areas:

  • Bone Health: Ensuring adequate calcium intake is critical for developing and maintaining peak bone mass, particularly important for athletes who put high stress on their bones.
  • Muscle Function: Calcium plays a direct role in muscle contraction, making it crucial for all types of physical activities.
  • Dietary Supplements: For those who do not receive enough calcium through their diet, supplements may be necessary to meet their daily requirements, especially in populations at risk of osteoporosis.

Well-Known Examples

Sources of calcium include dairy products like milk, cheese, and yogurt, as well as leafy green vegetables, nuts, seeds, and fortified foods such as orange juice and cereals. For those who are lactose intolerant or vegan, calcium-fortified alternatives such as soy milk or almond milk are important dietary components.

Similar Terms

Related terms include electrolytes, minerals, and bone density. These terms encompass various aspects of nutritional science that relate to maintaining balance and structural integrity within the body necessary for optimal physical performance.



Calcium is a key mineral in the fitness context, essential for maintaining bone health and supporting muscle function. Adequate calcium intake is critical for athletes and physically active individuals to ensure their bodies can handle the stresses of exercise and to promote overall health and performance.


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